DetailsHaemorrhoids Haemorrhoids are referred to as "anal and rectal varices". When tissues in and around the lower part of the anus and rectum are stretched, blood vessels dilate and swell, forming varices. Some common forms of haemorrhoids are:
- Internal haemorrhoids: They are found inside the rectum and rarely cause discomfort. However, straining when passing stool can cause painless bleeding. In more severe cases, haemorrhoids can be pushed through the anal opening, resulting in pain and irritation.
- External haemorrhoids: They are formed under the skin around the anus. Common symptoms include irritation, itching, swelling in the anal region, pain, discomfort, or bleeding during defecation.
- Thrombosed haemorrhoids: They occur when blood pools in an external haemorrhoid, forming a clot. Common symptoms include severe pain, swelling, inflammation, hard lump near the anus and bleeding during defecation.
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